Data_Sheet_1_A Standard Criterion for Measuring Turbulence Quantities Using the Four-Receiver Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry.pdf
Acoustic Doppler velocimetry (ADV) enables three-dimensional turbulent flow fields to be obtained with high spatial and temporal resolutions in the laboratory, rivers, and oceans. Although such advantages have led ADV to become a typical approach for analyzing various fluid dynamics mechanisms, the vagueness of ADV system operation methods has reduced its accuracy and efficiency. Accordingly, the present work suggests a proper measurement strategy for a four-receiver ADV system to obtain reliable turbulence quantities by performing laboratory experiments under two flow conditions. Firstly, in still water, the magnitude of noises was evaluated and a proper operation method was developed to obtain the Reynolds stress with lower noises. Secondly, in channel flows, an optimal sampling period was determined based on the integral time scale by applying the bootstrap sampling method and reverse arrangement test. The results reveal that the noises of the streamwise and transverse velocity components are an order of magnitude larger than those of the vertical velocity components. The orthogonally paired receivers enable the estimation of almost-error-free Reynolds stresses and the optimal sampling period is 150–200 times the integral time scale, regardless of the measurement conditions.