Data_Sheet_1_A Novel Synthetic Model of the Glucose-Insulin System for Patient-Wise Inference of Physiological Parameters From Small-Size OGTT Data.PDF (569.69 kB)

Data_Sheet_1_A Novel Synthetic Model of the Glucose-Insulin System for Patient-Wise Inference of Physiological Parameters From Small-Size OGTT Data.PDF

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posted on 13.03.2020 by Sebastián Contreras, David Medina-Ortiz, Carlos Conca, Álvaro Olivera-Nappa

Existing mathematical models for the glucose-insulin (G-I) dynamics often involve variables that are not susceptible to direct measurement. Standard clinical tests for measuring G-I levels for diagnosing potential diseases are simple and relatively cheap, but seldom give enough information to allow the identification of model parameters within the range in which they have a biological meaning, thus generating a gap between mathematical modeling and any possible physiological explanation or clinical interpretation. In the present work, we present a synthetic mathematical model to represent the G-I dynamics in an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), which involves for the first time for OGTT-related models, Delay Differential Equations. Our model can represent the radically different behaviors observed in a studied cohort of 407 normoglycemic patients (the largest analyzed so far in parameter fitting experiments), all masked under the current threshold-based normality criteria. We also propose a novel approach to solve the parameter fitting inverse problem, involving the clustering of different G-I profiles, a simulation-based exploration of the feasible set, and the construction of an information function which reshapes it, based on the clinical records, experimental uncertainties, and physiological criteria. This method allowed an individual-wise recognition of the parameters of our model using small size OGTT data (5 measurements) directly, without modifying the routine procedures or requiring particular clinical setups. Therefore, our methodology can be easily applied to gain parametric insights to complement the existing tools for the diagnosis of G-I dysregulations. We tested the parameter stability and sensitivity for individual subjects, and an empirical relationship between such indexes and curve shapes was spotted. Since different G-I profiles, under the light of our model, are related to different physiological mechanisms, the present method offers a tool for personally-oriented diagnosis and treatment and to better define new health criteria.

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