Data_Sheet_1_A Burkholderia thailandensis DedA Family Membrane Protein Is Required for Proton Motive Force Dependent Lipid A Modification.pdf (1.65 MB)
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Data_Sheet_1_A Burkholderia thailandensis DedA Family Membrane Protein Is Required for Proton Motive Force Dependent Lipid A Modification.pdf

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posted on 12.01.2021, 04:30 by Pradip R. Panta, William T. Doerrler

The DedA family is a conserved membrane protein family found in most organisms. A Burkholderia thailandensis DedA family protein, named DbcA, is required for high-level colistin (polymyxin E) resistance, but the mechanism awaits elucidation. Modification of lipopolysaccharide lipid A with the cationic sugar aminoarabinose (Ara4N) is required for colistin resistance and is dependent upon protonmotive force (PMF) dependent transporters. B. thailandensis ΔdbcA lipid A contains only small amounts of Ara4N, likely leading to colistin sensitivity. Two B. thailandensis operons are required for lipid A modification with Ara4N, one needed for biosynthesis of undecaprenyl-P-Ara4N and one for transport of the lipid linked sugar and subsequent lipid A modification. Here, we directed overexpression of each arn operon by genomic insertion of inducible promoters. We found that overexpression of arn operons in ΔdbcA can partially, but not completely, restore Ara4N modification of lipid A and colistin resistance. Artificially increasing the PMF by lowering the pH of the growth media also increased membrane potential, amounts of Ara4N, and colistin resistance of ΔdbcA. In addition, the products of arn operons are essential for acid tolerance, suggesting a physiological function of Ara4N modification. Finally, we show that ΔdbcA is sensitive to bacitracin and expression of a B. thailandensis UppP/BacA homolog (BTH_I1512) can partially restore resistance to bacitracin. Expression of a different UppP/BacA homolog (BTH_I2750) can partially restore colistin resistance, without changing the lipid A profile. This work suggests that maintaining optimal membrane potential at slightly alkaline pH media by DbcA is responsible for proper modification of lipid A by Ara4N and provides evidence of lipid A modification-dependent and -independent mechanisms of colistin resistance in B. thailandensis.

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