Data_Sheet_1_ADAMTS8 Promotes Cardiac Fibrosis Partly Through Activating EGFR Dependent Pathway.ZIP
Myocardial infarction or pressure overload leads to cardiac fibrosis, the leading cause of heart failure. ADAMTS8 (A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 8) has been reported to be involved in many fibrosis-related diseases. However, the specific role of ADAMTS8 in cardiac fibrosis caused by myocardial infarction or pressure overload is yet unclear. The present study aimed to explore the function of ADAMTS8 in cardiac fibrosis and its underlying mechanism. ADAMTS8 expression was significantly increased in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy; its expression myocardial infarction and TAC rat models was also increased, accompanied by increased expression of α-SMA and Collagen1. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of ADAMTS8 through cardiac in situ injection aggravated cardiac fibrosis and impaired cardiac function in the myocardial infarction rat model. Furthermore, in vitro studies revealed that ADAMTS8 promoted the activation of cardiac fibroblasts; ADAMTS8 acted as a paracrine mediator allowing for cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts to communicate indirectly. Our findings showed that ADAMTS8 could damage the mitochondrial function of cardiac fibroblasts and then activate the PI3K-Akt pathway and MAPK pathways, promoting up-regulation of YAP expression, with EGFR upstream of this pathway. This study systematically revealed the pro-fibrosis effect of ADAMTS8 in cardiac fibrosis and explored its potential role as a therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiac fibrosis and heart failure.