DataSheet_7_RNA Sequencing of Tumor-Educated Platelets Reveals a Three-Gene Diagnostic Signature in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.xlsx
There is no cost-effective, accurate, and non-invasive method for the detection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in clinical practice. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic potential of tumor-educated platelets in ESCC. In this study, seventy-one ESCC patients and eighty healthy individuals were enrolled and divided into a training cohort (23 patients and 27 healthy individuals) and a validation cohort (48 patients and 53 healthy individuals). Next-generation RNA sequencing was performed on platelets isolated from peripheral blood of all participants, and a support vector machine/leave-one-out cross validation (SVM/LOOCV) approach was used for binary classification. A diagnostic signature composed of ARID1A, GTF2H2, and PRKRIR discriminated ESCC patients from healthy individuals with 91.3% sensitivity and 85.2% specificity in the training cohort and 87.5% sensitivity and 81.1% specificity in the validation cohort. The AUC was 0.924 (95% CI, 0.845–0.956) and 0.893 (95% CI, 0.821–0.966), respectively, in the training cohort and validation cohort. This 3-gene platelet RNA signature could effectively discriminate ESCC from healthy control. Our data highlighted the potential of tumor-educated platelets for the noninvasive diagnosis of ESCC. Moreover, we found that keratin and collagen protein families and ECM-related pathways might be involved in tumor progression and metastasis of ESCC, which might provide insights to understand ESCC pathobiology and advance novel therapeutics.