DataSheet_5_Mapping Ethanol Tolerance in Budding Yeast Reveals High Genetic Variation in a Wild Isolate.xlsx (16.45 kB)

DataSheet_5_Mapping Ethanol Tolerance in Budding Yeast Reveals High Genetic Variation in a Wild Isolate.xlsx

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posted on 20.11.2019 by Roni Haas, Guy Horev, Ehud Lipkin, Inbar Kesten, Maya Portnoy, Keren Buhnik-Rosenblau, Morris Soller, Yechezkel Kashi

Ethanol tolerance, a polygenic trait of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is the primary factor determining industrial bioethanol productivity. Until now, genomic elements affecting ethanol tolerance have been mapped only at low resolution, hindering their identification. Here, we explore the genetic architecture of ethanol tolerance, in the F6 generation of an Advanced Intercrossed Line (AIL) mapping population between two phylogenetically distinct, but phenotypically similar, S. cerevisiae strains (a common laboratory strain and a wild strain isolated from nature). Under ethanol stress, 51 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting growth and 96 QTLs affecting survival, most of them novel, were identified, with high resolution, in some cases to single genes, using a High-Resolution Mapping Package of methodologies that provided high power and high resolution. We confirmed our results experimentally by showing the effects of the novel mapped genes: MOG1, MGS1, and YJR154W. The mapped QTLs explained 34% of phenotypic variation for growth and 72% for survival. High statistical power provided by our analysis allowed detection of many loci with small, but mappable effects, uncovering a novel “quasi-infinitesimal” genetic architecture. These results are striking demonstration of tremendous amounts of hidden genetic variation exposed in crosses between phylogenetically separated strains with similar phenotypes; as opposed to the more common design where strains with distinct phenotypes are crossed. Our findings suggest that ethanol tolerance is under natural evolutionary fitness-selection for an optimum phenotype that would tend to eliminate alleles of large effect. The study provides a platform for development of superior ethanol-tolerant strains using genome editing or selection.

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