DataSheet_3_Gene Expression Profiling for Differential Diagnosis of Liver Metastases: A Multicenter, Retrospective Cohort Study.xlsx
Liver metastases (LM) are the most common tumors encountered in the liver and continue to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Identification of the primary tumor of any LM is crucial for the implementation of effective and tailored treatment approaches, which still represents a difficult problem in clinical practice.Methods
The resection or biopsy specimens and associated clinicopathologic data were archived from seven independent centers between January 2017 and December 2020. The primary tumor sites of liver tumors were verified through evaluation of available medical records, pathological and imaging information. The performance of a 90-gene expression assay for the determination of the site of tumor origin was assessed.Result
A total of 130 LM covering 15 tumor types and 16 primary liver tumor specimens that met all quality control criteria were analyzed by the 90-gene expression assay. Among 130 LM cases, tumors were most frequently located in the colorectum, ovary and breast. Overall, the analysis of the 90-gene signature showed 93.1% and 100% agreement rates with the reference diagnosis in LM and primary liver tumor, respectively. For the common primary tumor types, the concordance rate was 100%, 95.7%, 100%, 93.8%, 87.5% for classifying the LM from the ovary, colorectum, breast, neuroendocrine, and pancreas, respectively.Conclusion
The overall accuracy of 93.8% demonstrates encouraging performance of the 90-gene expression assay in identifying the primary sites of liver tumors. Future incorporation of the 90-gene expression assay in clinical diagnosis will aid oncologists in applying precise treatments, leading to improved care and outcomes for LM patients.