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DataSheet_2_Molecular subtype identification and signature construction based on Golgi apparatus-related genes for better prediction prognosis and imm.docx (123.07 kB)

DataSheet_2_Molecular subtype identification and signature construction based on Golgi apparatus-related genes for better prediction prognosis and immunotherapy response in hepatocellular carcinoma.docx

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posted on 2023-03-27, 04:21 authored by Liang Sun, Zitao Liu, Zhengyi Wu, Ke Ning, Junwen Hu, Zhendong Chen, Zhipeng Wu, Xiangbao Yin
Introduction

The Golgi apparatus (GA) is the center of protein and lipid synthesis and modification in normal cells and is involved in regulating various cellular process as a signaling hub, the dysfunction of which can lead to the development of various pathological conditions, including tumors. Mutations in Golgi apparatus-related genes (GARGs) are prevalent in most tumors, and their mutations can make them pro-tumor metastatic. The aim of this study was to analyze the predictive role of GARGs in the prognosis and immunotherapeutic outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Methods

We used TCGA, GEO and ICGC databases to classify hepatocellular carcinoma samples into two molecular subtypes based on the expression of GARGs. Signature construction was then performed using GARGs, and signature genes were selected for expression validation and tumor phenotype experiments to determine the role of GARGs in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Results

Using the TCGA, GEO and ICGC databases, two major subtypes of molecular heterogeneity among hepatocellular carcinoma tumors were identified based on the expression of GARGs, C1 as a high-risk subtype (low survival) and C2 as a low-risk subtype (high survival). The high-risk subtype had lower StromalScore, ImmuneScore, ESTIMATEScore and higher TumorPurity, indicating poorer treatment outcome for ICI. Meanwhile, we constructed a new risk assessment profile for hepatocellular carcinoma based on GARGs, and we found that the high-risk group had a worse prognosis, a higher risk of immune escape, and a higher TP53 mutation rate. Meanwhile, TME analysis showed higher tumor purity TumorPurity and lower ESTIMATEScore, ImmuneScore and StromalScore in the high-risk group. We also found that the high-risk group responded more strongly to a variety of anticancer drugs, which is useful for guiding clinical drug use. Meanwhile, the expression of BSG was experimentally found to be associated with poor prognosis of HCC. After interfering with the expression of BSG in HCC cells SMMC-7721, the proliferation and migration ability of HCC cells were significantly restricted.

Discussion

The signature we constructed using GARGs can well predict the prognosis and immunotherapy effect of hepatocellular carcinoma, providing new ideas and strategies for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

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