DataSheet_2_Deep Learning for Prediction of Progression and Recurrence in Nonfunctioning Pituitary Macroadenomas: Combination of Clinical and MRI Features.docx
A subset of non-functioning pituitary macroadenomas (NFMAs) may exhibit early progression/recurrence (P/R) after tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to apply deep learning (DL) algorithms for prediction of P/R in NFMAs.Methods
From June 2009 to December 2019, 78 patients diagnosed with pathologically confirmed NFMAs, and who had undergone complete preoperative MRI and postoperative MRI follow-up for more than one year, were included. DL classifiers including multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and convolutional neural network (CNN) were used to build predictive models. Categorical and continuous clinical data were fed into the MLP model, and images of preoperative MRI (T2WI and contrast enhanced T1WI) were analyzed by the CNN model. MLP, CNN and multimodal CNN-MLP architectures were performed to predict P/R in NFMAs.Results
Forty-two (42/78, 53.8%) patients exhibited P/R after surgery. The median follow-up time was 42 months, and the median time to P/R was 25 months. As compared with CNN using MRI (accuracy 83%, precision 87%, and AUC 0.84) or MLP using clinical data (accuracy 73%, precision 73%, and AUC 0.73) alone, the multimodal CNN-MLP model using both clinical and MRI features showed the best performance for prediction of P/R in NFMAs, with accuracy 83%, precision 90%, and AUC 0.85.Conclusions
DL architecture incorporating clinical and MRI features performs well to predict P/R in NFMAs. Pending more studies to support the findings, the results of this study may provide valuable information for NFMAs treatment planning.