DataSheet_2_An Immune-Related Signature for Predicting the Prognosis of Lower-Grade Gliomas.zip (35.81 kB)
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DataSheet_2_An Immune-Related Signature for Predicting the Prognosis of Lower-Grade Gliomas.zip

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posted on 08.12.2020, 05:19 by Hongbo Zhang, Xuesong Li, Yuntao Li, Baodong Chen, Zhitao Zong, Liang Shen
Background

Lower-grade gliomas (LGGs) have more favorable outcomes than glioblastomas; however, LGGs often progress to process glioblastomas within a few years. Numerous studies have proven that the tumor microenvironment (TME) is correlated with the prognosis of glioma.

Methods

LGG RNA-Sequencing (RNA-seq) data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) were extracted and then divided into training and testing cohorts, respectively. Immune-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened to establish a prognostic signature by a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model. The immune-related risk score and clinical information, such as age, sex, World Health Organization (WHO) grade, and isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation, were used to independently validate and develop a prognostic nomogram. GO and KEGG pathway analyses to DEGs between immune-related high-risk and low-risk groups were performed.

Results

Sixteen immune-related genes were screened for establishing a prognostic signature. The risk score had a negative correlation with prognosis, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.941. The risk score, age, grade, and IDH1 mutation were identified as independent prognostic factors in patients with LGGs. The hazard ratios (HRs) of the high-risk score were 5.247 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.060–8.996] in the multivariate analysis. A prognostic nomogram of 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival was established and validated internally and externally. Go and KEGG pathway analyses implied that immune-related biological function and pathways were involved in the TME.

Conclusion

The immune-related prognostic signature and the prognostic nomogram could accurately predict survival.

History

References