DataSheet_1_The Immune Landscape of Chinese Head and Neck Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma and Clinical Implication.xlsx (19.8 MB)
Download file

DataSheet_1_The Immune Landscape of Chinese Head and Neck Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma and Clinical Implication.xlsx

Download (19.8 MB)
dataset
posted on 06.09.2021, 04:50 authored by Shengjin Dou, Rongrong Li, Ning He, Menghuan Zhang, Wen Jiang, Lulu Ye, Yining Yang, Guodong Zhao, Yadong Yang, Jiang Li, Di Chen, Guopei Zhu

Novel systemic agents and effective treatment strategies for recurrence adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck are still worthy of further exploration. Here, we analyzed the mutations and expression profiles of 75 Chinese ACC patients, characterized the prognostic value of the immune signature for recurrence or distant metastasis, and explored the potential of immunotherapeutic biomarkers in ACC. In general, MYB fusion and somatic mutations accounted for a high proportion, which was 46.7% (35/75). ACCs displayed an overall low mutation burden and lack of programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression. The antigen-presenting machinery (APM) expression score and immune infiltration score (IIS) were the lowest among ACC patients, compared with other cancer types. For 61 primary cases, the locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) was statistically significantly correlated with the IIS [univariate analysis; hazard ratio (HR) = 0.32; 95% CI, 0.11–0.92; p = 0.035] and T-cell infiltration score (TIS) (univariate analysis; HR = 0.33; 95% CI, 0.12–0.94; p = 0.037]. Patients with lower IIS (log-rank p = 0.0079) or TIS (log-rank p = 0.0079) had shorter LRRFS. Additionally, solid pattern was also a prognostic factor related to locoregional recurrence, whereas postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) exerted its beneficial effects. We further evaluated the pretreatment immune profile of five ACC patients treated with PD-1 inhibitors. Patients who responded to camrelizumab or pembrolizumab observed elevated APM and TIS, compared with patients with progressive disease. Our study highlights the immune infiltration pattern and messenger RNA (mRNA) signatures of Chinese ACC patients, which has the potential value for prognosis and immunotherapy.

History

References