DataSheet_1_Targeting CYP2J2 to Enhance the Anti-Glioma Efficacy of Cannabinoid Receptor 2 Stimulation by Inhibiting the Pro-Angiogenesis Function of .docx (5.34 MB)
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DataSheet_1_Targeting CYP2J2 to Enhance the Anti-Glioma Efficacy of Cannabinoid Receptor 2 Stimulation by Inhibiting the Pro-Angiogenesis Function of M2 Microglia.docx

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posted on 27.11.2020, 05:36 by Xuejiao Lei, Xuezhu Chen, Yulian Quan, Yihao Tao, Junlong Li

Enhancing the therapeutic efficacy of anti-tumor drugs is essential for cancer management. Although cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2R) stimulation exerts anti-tumor action in glioma cells by regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, or apoptosis, selective CB2R agonist alone does not achieve a satisfactory therapeutic outcome. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the possible strategy for enhancing the anti-glioma efficacy of JWH133, a selective CB2R agonist. In this study, immunofluorescence and qRT-PCR were used to investigate microglia polarization. Tumor growth was monitored via bioluminescent imaging using the IVIS Spectrum System. The angiogenesis of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) was detected by the tube formation assay. qRT-PCR was used to investigate cytochrome P450 2J2 (CYP2J2) and 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12-EET) expression. Our results showed that administration of JWH133 significantly promoted microglial M2 polarization both in vitro and in vivo. The medium supernatant of M2 microglia induced by JWH133 treatment facilitated angiogenesis of HBMECs. CYP2J2 expression and 11,12-EET release in the supernatant of JWH133-induced M2 microglia were significantly upregulated. Treatment with 11,12-EET prompted HBMEC angiogenesis and glioma growth. CYP2J2 knockdown restrained the release of 11,12-EET and significantly enhanced the anti-tumor effect of JWH133 on glioma. This study showed that targeting CYP2J2 might be a beneficial strategy to enhance the anti-glioma efficacy of JWH133 by inhibiting the pro-angiogenesis function of M2 microglia.

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