DataSheet_1_T Cells and CDDO-Me Attenuate Immunosuppressive Activation of Human Melanoma-Conditioned Macrophages.docx (18.28 MB)

DataSheet_1_T Cells and CDDO-Me Attenuate Immunosuppressive Activation of Human Melanoma-Conditioned Macrophages.docx

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posted on 21.02.2022, 04:04 authored by Gretel M. Torres, Heetaek Yang, Chanhyuk Park, Paul A. Spezza, Nikhil Khatwani, Rajan Bhandari, Karen T. Liby, Patricia A. Pioli

Melanoma tumors are highly immunogenic, making them an attractive target for immunotherapy. However, many patients do not mount robust clinical responses to targeted therapies, which is attributable, at least in part, to suppression of immune responses by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Using a human in vitro tri-culture system of macrophages with activated autologous T cells and BRAFV600E mutant melanoma cells, we now show that activated T cells and the synthetic triterpenoid the methyl ester of 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO-Me) attenuate immune suppression. Surface expression of CD206, CD16 and CD163 on melanoma-conditioned macrophages was inhibited by the addition of T cells, suggesting relief of immuno-suppressive macrophage activation. We also demonstrated that addition of CDDO-Me to tri-cultures enhanced T cell-mediated reductions in CCL2, VEGF and IL-6 production in a contact-independent manner. Because these results suggest CDDO-Me alters melanoma-conditioned macrophage activation, we interrogated CDDO-Me-mediated changes in macrophage signaling pathway activation. Our results indicated that CDDO-Me inhibited phosphorylation of STAT3, a known inducer of TAM activation. Collectively, our studies suggest that activated T cells and CDDO-Me synergistically relieve immune suppression in melanoma cultures and implicate the potential utility of CDDO-Me in the treatment of melanoma.

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