DataSheet_1_Recognition of Multiple Hybrid Insulin Peptides by a Single Highly Diabetogenic T-Cell Receptor.pdf (1.56 MB)
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DataSheet_1_Recognition of Multiple Hybrid Insulin Peptides by a Single Highly Diabetogenic T-Cell Receptor.pdf

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posted on 30.08.2021, 04:35 by Daniel Parras, Patricia Solé, Thomas Delong, Pere Santamaría, Pau Serra

The mechanisms underlying the major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII) type 1 diabetes (T1D) association remain incompletely understood. We have previously shown that thymocytes expressing the highly diabetogenic, I-Ag7-restricted 4.1-T-cell receptor (TCR) are MHCII-promiscuous, and that, in MHCII-heterozygous mice, they sequentially undergo positive and negative selection/Treg deviation by recognizing pro- and anti-diabetogenic MHCII molecules on cortical thymic epithelial cells and medullary hematopoietic antigen-presenting cells (APCs), respectively. Here, we use a novel autoantigen discovery approach to define the antigenic specificity of this TCR in the context of I-Ag7. This was done by screening the ability of random epitope–GS linker–I-Aβg7chain fusion pools to form agonistic peptide–MHCII complexes on the surface of I-Aαd chain-transgenic artificial APCs. Pool deconvolution, I-Ag7-binding register-fixing, TCR contact residue mapping, and alanine scanning mutagenesis resulted in the identification of a 4.1-TCR recognition motif XL(G/A)XEXE(D/E)X that was shared by seven agonistic hybrid insulin peptides (HIPs) resulting from the fusion of several different chromogranin A and/or insulin C fragments, including post-translationally modified variants. These data validate a novel, highly sensitive MHCII-restricted epitope discovery approach for orphan TCRs and suggest thymic selection of autoantigen-promiscuous TCRs as a mechanism for the murine T1D–I-Ag7-association.

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