DataSheet_1_Preoperative Nomogram for Differentiation of Histological Subtypes in Ovarian Cancer Based on Computer Tomography Radiomics.docx (114.85 kB)
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DataSheet_1_Preoperative Nomogram for Differentiation of Histological Subtypes in Ovarian Cancer Based on Computer Tomography Radiomics.docx

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posted on 25.03.2021, 05:17 authored by Haiyan Zhu, Yao Ai, Jindi Zhang, Ji Zhang, Juebin Jin, Congying Xie, Huafang Su, Xiance Jin
Objectives

Non-invasive method to predict the histological subtypes preoperatively is essential for the overall management of ovarian cancer (OC). The feasibility of radiomics in the differentiating of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and non-epithelial ovarian cancer (NEOC) based on computed tomography (CT) images was investigated.

Methods

Radiomics features were extracted from preoperative CT for 101 patients with pathologically proven OC. Radiomics signature was built using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression. A nomogram was developed with the combination of radiomics features and clinical factors to differentiate EOC and NEOC.

Results

Eight radiomics features were selected to build a radiomics signature with an area under curve (AUC) of 0.781 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.666 -0.897) in the discrimination between EOC and NEOC. The AUC of the combined model integrating clinical factors and radiomics features was 0.869 (95% CI, 0.783 -0.955). The nomogram demonstrated that the combined model provides a better net benefit to predict histological subtypes compared with radiomics signature and clinical factors alone when the threshold probability is within a range from 0.43 to 0.97.

Conclusions

Nomogram developed with CT radiomics signature and clinical factors is feasible to predict the histological subtypes preoperative for patients with OC.

History

References