DataSheet_1_Populations of the Parasitic Plant Phelipanche ramosa Influence Their Seed Microbiota.pdf (3.86 MB)
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DataSheet_1_Populations of the Parasitic Plant Phelipanche ramosa Influence Their Seed Microbiota.pdf

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posted on 2020-07-17, 15:10 authored by Sarah Huet, Jean-Bernard Pouvreau, Erwan Delage, Sabine Delgrange, Coralie Marais, Muriel Bahut, Philippe Delavault, Philippe Simier, Lucie Poulin

Seeds of the parasitic weed Phelipanche ramosa are well adapted to their hosts because they germinate and form haustorial structures to connect to roots in response to diverse host-derived molecular signals. P. ramosa presents different genetic groups that are preferentially adapted to certain hosts. Since there are indications that microbes play a role in the interaction especially in the early stages of the interaction, we studied the microbial diversity harbored by the parasitic seeds with respect to their host and genetic group. Twenty-six seed lots from seven cropping plots of three different hosts—oilseed rape, tobacco, and hemp—in the west of France were characterized for their bacterial and fungal communities using 16S rRNA gene and ITS (Internal transcribed spacer) sequences, respectively. First seeds were characterized genetically using twenty microsatellite markers and phenotyped for their sensibility to various germination stimulants including strigolactones and isothiocyanates. This led to the distinction of three P. ramosa groups that corresponded to their host of origin. The observed seed diversity was correlated to the host specialization and germination stimulant sensitivity within P. ramosa species. Microbial communities were both clustered by host and plot of origin. The seed core microbiota was composed of seventeen species that were also retrieved from soil and was in lower abundances for bacteria and similar abundances for fungi compared to seeds. The host-related core microbiota of parasitic seeds was limited and presumably well adapted to the interaction with its hosts. Two microbial candidates of Sphingobacterium species and Leptosphaeria maculans were especially identified in seeds from oilseed rape plots, suggesting their involvement in host recognition and specialization as well as seed fitness for P. ramosa by improving the production of isothiocyanates from glucosinolates in the rhizosphere of oilseed rape.