DataSheet_1_Non-Ablative Chemotherapy Followed by HLA-Mismatched Allogeneic CD3+ T-Cells Infusion Causes An Augment of T-Cells With Mild CRS: A Multi-.docx (978.73 kB)
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DataSheet_1_Non-Ablative Chemotherapy Followed by HLA-Mismatched Allogeneic CD3+ T-Cells Infusion Causes An Augment of T-Cells With Mild CRS: A Multi-Centers Single-Arm Prospective Study on Elderly Acute Myeloid Leukemia and int-2/High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome Patients.docx

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posted on 13.10.2021, 04:46 authored by Yan Huang, Minghua Hong, Zhigang Qu, Weiyan Zheng, Huixian Hu, Linjie Li, Ting Lu, Ying Xie, Shuangwei Ying, Yuanyuan Zhu, Lizhen Liu, Weijia Huang, Shan Fu, Jin Chen, Kangli Wu, Mingsuo Liu, Qiulian Luo, Yajun Wu, Fang He, Jingcheng Zhang, Junyu Zhang, Yu Chen, Minlei Zhao, Zhen Cai, He Huang, Jie Sun
Objective

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of standard or low-dose chemotherapy followed by HLA-mismatched allogeneic T-cell infusion (allo-TLI) for the treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and patients with intermediate-2 to high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

Methods

We carried out a prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial. Totally of 25 patients were enrolled, including 17 AML patients and 8 MDS patients. Each patient received four courses of non-ablative chemotherapy, with HLA-mismatched donor CD3+ allo-TLI 24 h after each course. AML patients received chemotherapy with decitabine, idarubicin, and cytarabine, and MDS patients received decitabine, cytarabine, aclarubicin, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor.

Results

A total of 79 procedures were performed. The overall response rates of the AML and MDS patients were 94% and 75% and the 1-year overall survival rates were 88% (61–97%) and 60% (13–88%), respectively. The overall 60-day treatment-related mortality was 8%. Compared with a historical control cohort that received idarubicin plus cytarabine (3 + 7), the study group showed significantly better overall response (94% vs. 50%, P=0.002) and overall survival rates (the 1-year OS rate was 88% vs. 27%, P=0.014). Post-TLI cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) occurred after 79% of allo-TLI operations, and 96% of CRS reactions were grade 1.

Conclusion

Elderly AML patients and intermediate-2 to high-risk MDS patients are usually insensitive to or cannot tolerate regular chemotherapies, and may not have the opportunity to undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Our study showed that non-ablative chemotherapy followed by HLA-mismatched allo-TLI is safe and effective, and may thus be used as a first-line treatment for these patients.

Clinical Trial Registration

https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=20112.

History

References