DataSheet_1_NcRNA-Mediated High Expression of HMMR as a Prognostic Biomarker Correlated With Cell Proliferation and Cell Migration in Lung Adenocarcinoma.docx
Hyaluronan-mediated motility receptor (HMMR) plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation in various cancers, including lung cancer. However, its function and biological mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remain unclear.Methods
Data on HMMR expression from several public databases were extensively analyzed, including the prognosis of HMMR in the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways were analyzed using DAVID and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) software. The correlation between HMMR expression and immune cell infiltration was analyzed in the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) database, and the gene and protein networks were examined using the GeneMANIA and STRING databases. Experimentally, the expression of HMMR in LUAD and lung cancer cell lines was determined using immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR assays. Besides, the function of HMMR on cancer cell proliferation and migration was examined using cell growth curve and colony formation, Transwell, and wound healing assays.Results
In this study, we found that HMMR was elevated in LUAD and that its high expression was associated with poor clinicopathological features and adverse outcomes in LUAD patients. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that the expression of HMMR was positively correlated with immune cell infiltration and immune modulation. Interestingly, diverse immune cell infiltration affects the prognosis of LUAD. In the functional assay, depletion of HMMR significantly repressed the cancer cell growth and migration of LUAD. Mechanically, we found that that the DNA methylation/TMPO-AS1/let-7b-5p axis mediated the high expression of HMMR in LUAD. Depletion of TMPO-AS1 and overexpression of let-7b-5p could result in the decreased expression of HMMR in LUAD cells. Furthermore, we found that TMPO-AS1 was positively correlated with HMMR, yet negatively correlated with let-7b-5p expression in LUAD.Conclusions
Our findings elucidated that the DNA methylation/TMPO-AS1/let-7b-5p axis mediated the high expression of HMMR, which may be considered as a biomarker to predict prognosis in LUAD.