DataSheet_1_NR5A2 Is One of 12 Transcription Factors Predicting Prognosis in HNSCC and Regulates Cancer Cell Proliferation in a p53-Dependent Manner.docx
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) rank seventh among the most common type of malignant tumor worldwide. Various evidences suggest that transcriptional factors (TFs) play a critical role in modulating cancer progression. However, the prognostic value of TFs in HNSCC remains unclear. Here, we identified a risk model based on a 12-TF signature to predict recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with HNSCC. We further analyzed the ability of the 12-TF to predict the disease-free survival time and overall survival time in HNSCC, and found that only NR5A2 down-regulation was strongly associated with shortened overall survival and disease-free survival time in HNSCC. Moreover, we systemically studied the role of NR5A2 in HNSCC and found that NR5A2 regulated HNSCC cell growth in a TP53 status-dependent manner. In p53 proficient cells, NR5A2 knockdown increased the expression of TP53 and activated the p53 pathway to enhance cancer cells proliferation. In contrast, NR5A2 silencing suppressed the growth of HNSCC cells with p53 loss/deletion by inhibiting the glycolysis process. Therefore, our results suggested that NR5A2 may serve as a promising therapeutic target in HNSCC harboring loss-of-function TP53 mutations.