DataSheet_1_NETosis in Long-Term Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Its Link to Coronary Artery Disease.pdf (78.45 kB)
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DataSheet_1_NETosis in Long-Term Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Its Link to Coronary Artery Disease.pdf

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posted on 05.01.2022, 11:34 by Sverre Grøver Aukrust, Kristine Bech Holte, Trine B. Opstad, Ingebjørg Seljeflot, Tore Julsrud Berg, Ragnhild Helseth
Background

Neutrophil extracellular traps NETs have been linked to glucose and the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). NETs also play a role in vascular inflammation and the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The role of NETs in CAD progression in patients with long-term T1DM is unclear. We aimed to 1) investigate whether levels of circulating NETs markers were elevated in long-term T1DM subjects compared to controls, and 2) explore whether levels of NETs were related to the presence of CAD.

Material and Methods

102 patients with > 45 years of T1DM and 75 age-matched controls were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Median age was 62 years. Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) was performed in 148 subjects without established coronary heart disease. For the current study, CAD was defined as a coronary artery stenosis >50%. Double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) was measured by a nucleic acid stain, myeloperoxidase-DNA (MPO-DNA), citrullinated histone 3 (H3Cit) and peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) by ELISAs, while gene expression of PAD4 was measured in leukocytes from PAXgene tubes.

Results

Circulating MPO-DNA levels were significantly lower in patients with T1DM than in controls (0.17 vs 0.29 OD, p<0.001), while dsDNA, H3Cit, PAD4 and gene expression of PAD4 did not differ with respect to the presence of T1DM. There were no significant associations between NETs markers and HbA1c in the T1DM group. None of the NETs markers differed according to the presence of CAD in patients with T1DM. While all circulating NETs markers correlated significantly with circulating neutrophils in the control group (r=0.292-393, p<0.014), only H3Cit and PAD4 correlated with neutrophils in the T1DM group (r= 0.330-0.449, p ≤ 0.001).

Conclusions

In this cross-sectional study of patients with long-term T1DM and age-matched controls, circulating NETs levels were not consistently associated with the presence of T1DM or glycemic status, and did not differ according to the presence of CAD in patients with T1DM. Our results entail the possibility of altered neutrophil function and reduced NETosis in T1DM. This warrants further investigation.

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