DataSheet_1_Multi-Omics Integration-Based Prioritisation of Competing Endogenous RNA Regulation Networks in Small Cell Lung Cancer: Molecular Characteristics and Drug Candidates.docx
The competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network-mediated regulatory mechanisms in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) remain largely unknown. This study aimed to integrate multi-omics profiles, including the transcriptome, regulome, genome and pharmacogenome profiles, to elucidate prioritised ceRNA characteristics, pathways and drug candidates in SCLC.Method
We determined the plasma messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA), long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) expression levels using whole-transcriptome sequencing technology in our SCLC plasma cohort. Significantly expressed plasma mRNAs were then overlapped with the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) tissue mRNA data (GSE 40275, SCLC tissue cohort). Next, we applied a multistep multi-omics (transcriptome, regulome, genome and pharmacogenome) integration analysis to first construct the network and then to identify the lncRNA/circRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA characteristics, genomic alterations, pathways and drug candidates in SCLC.Results
The multi-omics integration-based prioritisation of SCLC ceRNA regulatory networks consisted of downregulated mRNAs (CSF3R/GAA), lncRNAs (AC005005.4-201/DLX6-AS1-201/NEAT1-203) and circRNAs (hsa_HLA-B_1/hsa_VEGFC_8) as well as upregulated miRNAs (hsa-miR-4525/hsa-miR-6747-3p). lncRNAs (lncRNA-AC005005.4-201 and NEAT1-203) and circRNAs (circRNA-hsa_HLA-B_1 and hsa_VEGFC_8) may regulate the inhibited effects of hsa-miR-6747-3p for CSF3R expression in SCLC, while lncRNA-DLX6-AS1-201 or circRNA-hsa_HLA-B_1 may neutralise the negative regulation of hsa-miR-4525 for GAA in SCLC. CSF3R and GAA were present in the genomic alteration, and further identified as targets of FavId and Trastuzumab deruxtecan, respectively. In the SCLC-associated pathway analysis, CSF3R was involved in the autophagy pathways, while GAA was involved in the glucose metabolism pathways.Conclusions
We identified potential lncRNA/cirRNA-miRNA-mRNA ceRNA regulatory mechanisms, pathways and promising drug candidates in SCLC, providing novel potential diagnostics and therapeutic targets in SCLC.