DataSheet_1_Mendelian Randomization Identifies CpG Methylation Sites With Mediation Effects for Genetic Influences on BMD in Peripheral Blood Monocyte.zip (8.8 MB)
Download file

DataSheet_1_Mendelian Randomization Identifies CpG Methylation Sites With Mediation Effects for Genetic Influences on BMD in Peripheral Blood Monocytes.zip

Download (8.8 MB)
dataset
posted on 28.02.2020, 14:43 by Fangtang Yu, Chuan Qiu, Chao Xu, Qing Tian, Lan-Juan Zhao, Li Wu, Hong-Wen Deng, Hui Shen

Osteoporosis is mainly characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and is an increasingly serious public health concern. DNA methylation is a major epigenetic mechanism that may contribute to the variation in BMD and may mediate the effects of genetic and environmental factors of osteoporosis. In this study, we performed an epigenome-wide DNA methylation analysis in peripheral blood monocytes of 118 Caucasian women with extreme BMD values. Further, we developed and implemented a novel analytical framework that integrates Mendelian randomization with genetic fine mapping and colocalization to evaluate the causal relationships between DNA methylation and BMD phenotype. We identified 2,188 differentially methylated CpGs (DMCs) between the low and high BMD groups and distinguished 30 DMCs that may mediate the genetic effects on BMD. The causal relationship was further confirmed by eliminating the possibility of horizontal pleiotropy, linkage effect and reverse causality. The fine-mapping analysis determined 25 causal variants that are most likely to affect the methylation levels at these mediator DMCs. The majority of the causal methylation quantitative loci and DMCs reside within cell type-specific histone mark peaks, enhancers, promoters, promoter flanking regions and CTCF binding sites, supporting the regulatory potentials of these loci. The established causal pathways from genetic variant to BMD phenotype mediated by DNA methylation provide a gene list to aid in designing future functional studies and lead to a better understanding of the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms underlying the variation of BMD.

History

References