DataSheet_1_LOX-1-Expressing Immature Neutrophils Identify Critically-Ill COVID-19 Patients at Risk of Thrombotic Complications.pdf (928.79 kB)
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DataSheet_1_LOX-1-Expressing Immature Neutrophils Identify Critically-Ill COVID-19 Patients at Risk of Thrombotic Complications.pdf

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posted on 20.09.2021, 04:33 authored by Behazine Combadière, Lucille Adam, Noëlline Guillou, Paul Quentric, Pierre Rosenbaum, Karim Dorgham, Olivia Bonduelle, Christophe Parizot, Delphine Sauce, Julien Mayaux, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Alexandre Boissonnas, Zahir Amoura, Valérie Pourcher, Makoto Miyara, Guy Gorochov, Amélie Guihot, Christophe Combadière
Background

Lymphopenia and the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio may have prognostic value in COVID-19 severity.

Objective

We investigated neutrophil subsets and functions in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of COVID-19 patients on the basis of patients’ clinical characteristics.

Methods

We used a multiparametric cytometry profiling based to mature and immature neutrophil markers in 146 critical or severe COVID-19 patients.

Results

The Discovery study (38 patients, first pandemic wave) showed that 80% of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients develop strong myelemia with CD10CD64+ immature neutrophils (ImNs). Cellular profiling revealed three distinct neutrophil subsets expressing either the lectin‐like oxidized low‐density lipoprotein receptor‐1 (LOX‐1), the interleukin-3 receptor alpha (CD123), or programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) overrepresented in ICU patients compared to non-ICU patients. The proportion of LOX-1- or CD123-expressing ImNs is positively correlated with clinical severity, cytokine storm (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNFα), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and thrombosis. BALs of patients with ARDS were highly enriched in LOX-1-expressing ImN subsets and in antimicrobial neutrophil factors. A validation study (118 patients, second pandemic wave) confirmed and strengthened the association of the proportion of ImN subsets with disease severity, invasive ventilation, and death. Only high proportions of LOX-1-expressing ImNs remained strongly associated with a high risk of severe thrombosis independently of the plasma antimicrobial neutrophil factors, suggesting an independent association of ImN markers with their functions.

Conclusion

LOX-1-expressing ImNs may help identifying COVID-19 patients at high risk of severity and thrombosis complications.

History

References