DataSheet_1_Hypoxia-Associated Prognostic Markers and Competing Endogenous RNA Co-Expression Networks in Breast Cancer.docx
Many primary tumors have insufficient supply of molecular oxygen, called hypoxia. Hypoxia is one of the leading characteristics of solid tumors resulting in a higher risk of local failure and distant metastasis. It is quite necessary to investigate the hypoxia associated molecular hallmarks in breast cancer.Materials and Methods
According to the published studies, we selected 13 hypoxia related gene expression signature to define the hypoxia status of breast cancer using ConsensusClusterPlus package based on the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Subsequently, we characterized the infiltration of 24 immune cell types under different hypoxic conditions. Furthermore, the differentially expressed hypoxia associated microRNAs, mRNAs and related signaling pathways were analyzed and depicted. On this basis, a series of prognostic markers related to hypoxia were identified and ceRNA co-expression networks were constructed.Results
Two subgroups (cluster1 and cluster2) were identified and the 13 hypoxia related gene signature were all up-regulated in cluster1. Thus, we defined the cluster1 as “hypoxic subgroup” compared with cluster2. The infiltration of CD8+ T cell and CD4+ T cell were lower in cluster1 while the nTreg cell and iTreg cell were higher, indicating that there was immunosuppressive status in cluster1. We observed widespread hypoxia-associated dysregulation of microRNAs and mRNAs. Next, a risk signature for predicting prognosis of breast cancer patients was established based on 12 dysregulated hypoxia associated prognostic genes. Two microRNAs, hsa-miR-210-3p and hsa-miR-190b, with the most significant absolute logFC value were related to unfavorable and better prognosis, respectively. Several long non-coding RNAs were predicted to be microRNA targets and positively correlated with two selected mRNAs, CPEB2 and BCL11A. Predictions based on the SNHG16-hsa-miR-210-3p-CPEB2 and LINC00899/PSMG3-AS1/PAXIP-AS1-hsa-miR-190b-BCL11A ceRNA regulation networks indicated that the two genes might act as tumor suppressor and oncogene, respectively.Conclusion
Hypoxia plays an important role in the initiation and progression of breast cancer. Our research provides potential mechanisms into molecular-level understanding of tumor hypoxia.