DataSheet_1_Humanized Anti-CD19 CAR-T Cell Therapy and Sequential Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Achieved Long-Term Survival in Re.docx (144.04 kB)
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DataSheet_1_Humanized Anti-CD19 CAR-T Cell Therapy and Sequential Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Achieved Long-Term Survival in Refractory and Relapsed B Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Retrospective Study of CAR-T Cell Therapy.docx

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posted on 29.10.2021, 04:49 authored by Wei Chen, Yuhan Ma, Ziyuan Shen, Huimin Chen, Ruixue Ma, Dongmei Yan, Ming Shi, Xiangmin Wang, Xuguang Song, Cai Sun, Jiang Cao, Hai Cheng, Feng Zhu, Haiying Sun, Depeng Li, Zhenyu Li, Junnian Zheng, Kailin Xu, Wei Sang

Early response could be obtained in most patients with relapsed or refractory B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL) treated with chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy, but relapse occurs in some patients. There is no consensus on treatment strategy post CAR-T cell therapy. In this retrospective study of humanized CD19-targeted CAR-T cell (hCART19s) therapy for R/R B-ALL, we analyzed the patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) or received a second hCART19s infusion, and summarized their efficacy and safety. We retrospectively studied 28 R/R B-ALL patients treated with hCART19s in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from 2016 to 2020. After the first hCART19s infusion, 10 patients received allo-HSCT (CART+HSCT group), 7 patients received a second hCART19s infusion (CART2 group), and 11 patients did not receive HSCT or a second hCART19s infusion (CART1 group). The safety, efficacy, and long-term survival were analyzed. Of the 28 patients who received hCART19s treatment, 1 patient could not be evaluated for efficacy, and 25 (92.6%) achieved complete remission (CR) with 20 (74.7%) achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity. Seven (25%) patients experienced grade 3-4 CRS, and one died from grade 5 CRS. No patient experienced ≥3 grade ICANS. The incidence of second CR is higher in the CART+HSCT group compared to the CART2 group (100% vs. 42.9%, p=0.015). The median follow-up time was 1,240 days (range: 709–1,770). Significantly longer overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) were achieved in the CART+HSCT group (median OS and LFS: not reached, p=0.006 and 0.001, respectively) compared to the CART2 group (median OS: 482; median LFS: 189) and the CART1 group (median OS: 236; median LFS: 35). In the CART+HSCT group, the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 30% (3/10), and transplantation-related mortality was 30% (3/10). No chronic GVHD occurred. Multivariate analysis results showed that blasts ≥ 20% in the bone marrow and MRD ≥ 65.6% are independent factors for inferior OS and LFS, respectively, while receiving allo-HSCT is an independent factor associated with both longer OS and LFS. In conclusion, early allo-HSCT after CAR-T therapy can achieve long-term efficacy, and the adverse events are controllable.

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