DataSheet_1_Endogenous α7 nAChR Agonist SLURP1 Facilitates Escherichia coli K1 Crossing the Blood-Brain Barrier.pdf (78.52 kB)
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DataSheet_1_Endogenous α7 nAChR Agonist SLURP1 Facilitates Escherichia coli K1 Crossing the Blood-Brain Barrier.pdf

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posted on 14.10.2021, 05:08 authored by Xiaolong He, Lei Wang, Liqun Liu, Jie Gao, Beiguo Long, Feng Chi, Tongtong Hu, Yu Wan, Zelong Gong, Li Li, Peilin Zhen, Tiesong Zhang, Hong Cao, Sheng-He Huang

Alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) is critical for the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli (E. coli) K1 meningitis, a severe central nervous system infection of the neonates. However, little is known about how E. coli K1 manipulates α7 nAChR signaling. Here, through employing immortalized cell lines, animal models, and human transcriptional analysis, we showed that E. coli K1 infection triggers releasing of secreted Ly6/Plaur domain containing 1 (SLURP1), an endogenous α7 nAChR ligand. Exogenous supplement of SLURP1, combined with SLURP1 knockdown or overexpression cell lines, showed that SLURP1 is required for E. coli K1 invasion and neutrophils migrating across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Furthermore, we found that SLURP1 is required for E. coli K1-induced α7 nAChR activation. Finally, the promoting effects of SLURP1 on the pathogenesis of E. coli K1 meningitis was significantly abolished in the α7 nAChR knockout mice. These results reveal that E. coli K1 exploits SLURP1 to activate α7 nAChR and facilitate its pathogenesis, and blocking SLURP1-α7 nAChR interaction might represent a novel therapeutic strategy for E. coli K1 meningitis.

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