DataSheet_1_Distinct Circulating Expression Profiles of Long Noncoding RNAs in Heart Failure Patients With Ischemic and Nonischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy.docx

Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), with distinct long-term prognosis and responses to treatment, are two major problems that lead to heart failure (HF) ultimately. In this study, we investigated the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions in the plasma of patients with DCM and ICM and analyzed the different lncRNA profile between the two groups. The microarray analysis identified 3,222 and 1,911 significantly differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs between DCM and ICM group. The most enriched upregulated functional terms included positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/nuclear factor-kappaB signaling and regulation of cellular localization, while the top 10 downregulated genes mainly consisted of acid secretion and myosin heavy chain binding. Furthermore, the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis revealed that the differentially expressed lncRNA-coexpressed mRNAs between DCM and ICM group were significantly enriched in the natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity and ras signaling pathway respectively. Quantitative real-time PCR confirmed 8 of 12 lncRNAs were upregulated in DCM group compared to ICM group which was consistent with the initial microarray results. The lncRNA/mRNA coexpression network indicated the possible functions of the validated lncRNAs. These findings revealed for the first time the specific expression pattern of both protein-coding RNAs and lncRNAs in plasma of HF patients due to DCM and ICM which may provide some important evidence to conveniently identify the etiology of myocardial dysfunctions and help to explore a better strategy for future HF prognosis evaluation.