DataSheet_1_Development and validation of a cuproptosis-associated prognostic model for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.zip
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a highly heterogeneous disease. Therefore, more reliable biomarkers are required to better predict the prognosis of DLBCL. Cuproptosis is a novel identified form of programmed cell death (PCD) that is different from oxidative stress-related cell death (e.g., apoptosis, ferroptosis, and necroptosis) by Tsvetkov and colleagues in a recent study released in Science. Cuproptosis is copper-dependent PCD that is closely tied to mitochondrial metabolism. However, the prognostic value of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) in DLBCL remains to be further elucidated. In the present study, we systematically evaluated the molecular changes of CRGs in DLBCL and found them to be associated with prognosis. Subsequently, based on the expression profiles of CRGs, we characterized the heterogeneity of DLBCL by identifying two distinct subtypes using consensus clustering. Two isoforms exhibited different survival, biological functions, chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity, and immune microenvironment. After identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between CRG clusters, we built a prognostic model with the Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis and validated its prognostic value by Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier curves, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. In addition, the risk score can predict clinical characteristics, levels of immune cell infiltration, and prognosis. Furthermore, a nomogram incorporating clinical features and risk score was generated to optimize risk stratification and quantify risk assessment. Compared to the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the nomogram has demonstrated more accuracy in survival prediction. Furthermore, we validated the prognostic gene expression levels through external experiments. In conclusion, cuproptosis-related gene signature can serve as a potential prognostic predictor in DLBCL patients and may provide new insights into cancer therapeutic targets.