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DataSheet_1_Cuproptosis-Related Risk Score Predicts Prognosis and Characterizes the Tumor Microenvironment in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.docx (509.51 kB)

DataSheet_1_Cuproptosis-Related Risk Score Predicts Prognosis and Characterizes the Tumor Microenvironment in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.docx

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posted on 2022-07-11, 04:03 authored by Zhen Zhang, Xiangyang Zeng, Yinghua Wu, Yang Liu, Xi Zhang, Zewen Song
Aims

Cuproptosis is a recently identified form of programmed cell death; however, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear.

Methods

A set of bioinformatic tools was integrated to analyze the expression and prognostic significance of ferredoxin 1 (FDX1), the key regulator of cuproptosis. A cuproptosis-related risk score (CRRS) was developed via correlation analyses, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression, and multivariate Cox regression. The metabolic features, mutation signatures, and immune profile of CRRS-classified HCC patients were investigated, and the role of CRRS in therapy guidance was analyzed.

Results

FDX1 was significantly downregulated in HCC, and its high expression was associated with longer survival time. HCC patients in the high-CRRS group showed a significantly lower overall survival (OS) and enriched in cancer-related pathways. Mutation analyses revealed that the high-CRRS HCC patients had a high mutational frequency of some tumor suppressors such as tumor protein P53 (TP53) and Breast-cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1)-associated protein 1 (BAP1) and a low frequency of catenin beta 1 (CTNNB1). Besides, HCC patients with high CRRS showed an increase of protumor immune infiltrates and a high expression of immune checkpoints. Moreover, the area under the curve (AUC) values of CRRS in predicting the efficiency of sorafenib and the non-responsiveness to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in HCC patients reached 0.877 and 0.764, respectively.

Significance

The cuproptosis-related signature is helpful in prognostic prediction and in guiding treatment for HCC patients.

History