DataSheet_1_C16 Peptide Promotes Vascular Growth and Reduces Inflammation in a Neuromyelitis Optica Model.pdf
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The goal of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of action of C16, a laminin-1 peptide that competes with αvβ3 for integrin binding, in treating neuromyelitis optica (NMO). A NMO rat model was established and specific inhibitors were used to investigate the effect of Tie2 kinase, integrin, and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways on C16 function in NMO using histological, immunohistochemical, immunofluorescence, Western blot, and ELISA assays. A total of 150 rats were divided into five groups: a control untreated group (n = 18) and four test groups (n = 33 per group) including vehicle-treated control, C16, Tie2 kinase inhibitor + C16, and PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002 + C16. We found that inhibiting Tie2 kinase resulted in partial loss of C16 peptide-mediated effects, while suppressing PI3K/Akt signaling reduced C16 peptide-mediated effects. In addition, activation of the αvβ3 integrin axis and Tie2 kinase promoted PI3K/Akt signaling. Our study showed that the Tie2-PI3K/Akt, Tie2 integrin, and integrin-PI3K/Akt signaling pathways regulate C16 peptide function in vascular growth and stabilization as well as inflammation in NMO.
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