DataSheet_1_Bacterioplankton Community Profiling of the Surface Waters of Kuwait.pdf (584.68 kB)
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DataSheet_1_Bacterioplankton Community Profiling of the Surface Waters of Kuwait.pdf

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posted on 19.04.2022, 04:29 authored by Nasra Ismail, Awatef Almutairi

The marine waters of Kuwait are highly dynamic and strongly influenced by extreme environmental conditions and high levels of anthropogenic activities. This study explored the bacterioplankton community composition and diversity in Kuwait Bay and at four offshore sites close to urbanized coastal areas during two seasons, autumn (October) and spring (April). 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing detected higher bacterial diversity and richness in spring than in autumn. Also, bacterial community beta diversity revealed a significant seasonal partitioning between the two sampling periods but no clear spatial variation could be depicted. Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Flavobacteriia, and Acidimicrobiia dominated the seasonal samples, and SARII clade Ia, SARII clade II, Synechococcus, and SUP05 cluster were among the most abundant taxa in the seasonal samples. However, the strong temporal shift in bacterial community composition was related to Synechococcus abundance. The prevailing physicochemical parameters displayed a significant influence on the bacterioplankton community composition, which was mainly driven by shifts in temperature and nutrient inputs. Furthermore, functional prediction by PICRUSt analysis revealed a relatively stable conserved functional profile in Kuwait’s waters. However, functional genes related to membrane transport were enriched in eutrophic spring waters, while photosynthetic genes were enriched in autumn. Our results provide in-depth insights into the temporal and spatial variations of bacterioplankton dynamics in Kuwait waters and highlight the strong seasonal influence of natural and anthropogenic stressors on their composition and predicted functional capabilities.