DataSheet_1_Association of Immune and Inflammatory Gene Polymorphism With the Risk of IgA Nephropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 45 Stu.pdf (60.96 kB)
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DataSheet_1_Association of Immune and Inflammatory Gene Polymorphism With the Risk of IgA Nephropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 45 Studies.pdf

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posted on 20.07.2021, 09:54 by Xiaonan Ding, Yan Mei, Zhi Mao, Lingling Long, Qiuxia Han, Yanqin You, Hanyu Zhu

IgA nephropathy is the most prevalent primary glomerulonephritis worldwide, with identical immunopathological characteristics caused by multiple etiologies as well as influenced by geographical and ethnical factors. To elucidate the role of immunologic and inflammatory mechanisms in the susceptibility to IgA nephropathy, we explored single nucleotide polymorphisms of related molecules in the immune pathways. We searched the PubMed database for studies that involved all gene variants of molecules in the 20 immunologic and inflammatory pathways selected from the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database. The odds ratios with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals in six genetic models (allele model, dominant model, homozygote model, heterozygote model, overdominant model, and recessive model) were summarized using fixed or random effect models. Subgroup analysis was conducted based on different ethnicities with generalized odds ratios. Heterogeneity was evaluated using the Q and I2 tests. Begg’s funnel plot and Egger’s linear regression test were used to evaluating possible publication bias among the included studies, and sensitivity analysis was used to test the stability of the overall results. A total of 45 studies met our selection criteria and eight related genetic association studies were retrieved, including 320 single-nucleotide polymorphisms from 20 candidate pathways, ranging from 2000 to 2021. A total of 28,994 healthy people versus 20,600 IgA nephropathy patients were enrolled. Upon meta-analyzed results that TGFB1 (rs1800469, rs1982073, rs1800471), IL-1B (rs1143627), IL-18 (rs1946518), and TLR1 (rs5743557) showed effect with or without ethnicity difference. And 10 variants presented stable and robust related to IgA nephropathy. This research showed that genetic variants are related to the immunologic and inflammatory effects of IgA nephropathy pathogenesis. The meta-analysis results supported the previous researches, and may help deepen the understanding of pathogenesis and explore new targets for IgA nephropathy-specific immunotherapy.

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