DataSheet_1_“Age Related Differences in the Biology of Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation”.pdf (72.99 kB)
Download file

DataSheet_1_“Age Related Differences in the Biology of Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation”.pdf

Download (72.99 kB)
dataset
posted on 16.10.2020, 14:04 authored by Geoff D. E. Cuvelier, Amanda Li, Sibyl Drissler, Amina Kariminia, Sayeh Abdossamadi, Jacob Rozmus, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Bernard Ng, Sara Mostafavi, Ryan R. Brinkman, Kirk R. Schultz

It is established that pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients have a lower rate of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) compared to adults. Our group has previously published immune profiles changes associated with cGvHD of clinically well-defined adult and pediatric HSCT cohorts. Since all analyses were performed by the same research group and analyzed using identical methodology, we first compared our previous immune profile analyses between adults and children. We then performed additional analyses comparing the T cell populations across age groups, and a sub-analysis of the impact of the estimated pubertal status at time of HSCT in our pediatric cohort. In all analyses, we corrected for clinical covariates including total body irradiation and time of onset of cGvHD. Three consistent findings were seen in both children and adults, including elevations of ST2 and naive helper T (Th) cells and depression of NKreg cells. However, significant differences exist between children and adults in certain cytokines, B cell, and Treg populations. In children, we saw a broad suppression of newly formed B (NF-B) cells, whereas adults exhibited an increase in T1-CD21lo B cells and a decrease in T1-CD24hiCD38hi B cells. Prepubertal children had elevations of aminopeptidase N (sCD13) and ICAM-1. Treg abnormalities in children appeared to be primarily in memory Treg cells, whereas in adults the abnormalities were in naïve Treg cells. In adults, the loss of PD1 expression in naïve Treg and naïve Th cells was associated with cGvHD. We discuss the possible mechanisms for these age-related differences, and how they might theoretically impact on different therapeutic approaches to cGvHD between children and adults.

History

References