DataSheet_1_A Pan-Cancer Analysis of the Oncogenic Role of Cell Division Cycle-Associated Protein 4 (CDCA4) in Human Tumors.zip (12.61 MB)
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DataSheet_1_A Pan-Cancer Analysis of the Oncogenic Role of Cell Division Cycle-Associated Protein 4 (CDCA4) in Human Tumors.zip

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posted on 17.02.2022, 04:24 authored by Hui Fang, Shuyan Sheng, Bangjie Chen, Jianpeng Wang, Deshen Mao, Yanxun Han, Yuchen Liu, Xinyi Wang, Siyu Gui, Tongyuan Zhang, Lizhi Zhang, Conghan Li, Xinyang Hu, Wanyu Deng, Xin Liu, Honghai Xu, Wentao Xu, Xingyu Wang, Rongqiang Liu, Weihao Kong
Purpose

To unravel the oncogenic role of CDCA4 in different cancers from the perspective of tumor immunity.

Methods

Raw data on CDCA4 expression in tumor samples and paracancerous samples were obtained from TCGA and GTEX databases. In addition, we investigated pathological stages and the survival analysis of CDCA4 in pan-cancer across Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database. Cox Proportional Hazards Model shows that high CDCA4 levels are associated with several vital indicators in oncology. On the one hand, we explored the correlation between CADA4 expression and tumor immune infiltration by the TIMER tool; On the other hand, we utilized the methods of CIBERSORT and ESTIMATE computational to evaluate the proportion of tumor infiltrating immune cells (TIIC) and the amounts of stromal and immune components based on TCGA database. The use of antineoplastic drugs and the expression of CDCA4 also showed a high correlation via linear regression. Protein–Protein Interaction analysis was performed in the GeneMANIA database, and enrichment analysis was performed and predicted signaling pathways were identified by using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes. The correlation between CDCA4 expression with Copy number variations (CNV) and methylation is detailed, respectively. Molecular biology experiments including Western blotting, flow cytometry, EDU staining, Transwell and Wound Healing assay to validate the cancer promoting role of CDCA4 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Results

Most tumors highly expressed CDCA4. Elevated CDCA4 expression was associated with poor OS and DFS. There was a significant correlation between CDCA4 expression and TITCs. Moreover, markers of TIICs exhibited distinct patterns of CDCA4 associated immune infiltration. In addition, we pay attention to the association between the expression of CDCA4 and the use of the anti-tumor drugs. CDCA4 is related to biological progress (BP), cellular component (CC) and molecular function (MF). Dopaminergic Synapse, AMPK, Sphingolipid, Chagas Disease, mRNA Surveillance were significantly enriched pathways in positive and negative correlation genes with CDCA4. CNV is thought to be a positive correlation with CDCA4 expression. Conversely, methylation is negative correlation with CDCA4 expression. Molecular biology experiments confirm a cancer promoting role for CDCA4 in HCC

Conclusion

CDCA4 may serve as a biomarker for cancer immunologic infiltration and poor prognosis, providing a new way of thinking for cancer treatment.

History