DataSheet_1_A Dynamic Transcription Factor Signature Along the Colorectal Adenoma-Carcinoma Sequence in Patients With Co-Occurrent Adenoma and Carcino.docx (6.24 MB)
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DataSheet_1_A Dynamic Transcription Factor Signature Along the Colorectal Adenoma-Carcinoma Sequence in Patients With Co-Occurrent Adenoma and Carcinoma.docx

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posted on 21.05.2021, 13:33 authored by Zongfu Pan, Ying He, Wenjuan Zhu, Tong Xu, Xiaoping Hu, Ping Huang
Background

Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) often arises from benign adenoma after a stepwise accumulation of genetic alterations. Here, we profiled the dynamic landscapes of transcription factors (TFs) in the mucosa-adenoma-carcinoma progression sequence.

Methods

The transcriptome data of co-occurrent adenoma, carcinoma, and normal mucosa samples were obtained from GSE117606. Identification of differentially expressed TFs (DE-TFs) and subsequent function annotation were conducted in R software. Expression patterns of DE-TFs were clustered by Short Time-series Expression Miner software. Thereafter, modular co-expression analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, mutation profiling, and gene set enrichment analysis were conducted to investigate TF dynamics in colorectal tumorigenesis. Finally, tissue microarrays, including 51 tumors, 32 adenomas, and 53 normal tissues, were employed to examine the expression of significant candidates by immunohistochemistry staining.

Results

Compared to normal tissues, 20 (in adenoma samples) and 29 (in tumor samples) DE-TFs were identified. During the disease course, 28 expression patterns for DE-TFs and four co-expression modules were clustered. Notably, six DE-TFs, DACH1, GTF2IRD1, MEIS2, NR3C2, SOX9, and SPIB, were identified as having a dynamic signature along the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence. The dynamic signature was of significance in GO enrichment, prognosis, and co-expression analysis. Among the 6-TF signature, the roles of GTF2IRD1, SPIB and NR3C2 in CRC progression are unclear. Immunohistochemistry validation showed that GTF2IRD1 enhanced significantly throughout the mucosa-adenoma-carcinoma sequence, while SPIB and NR3C2 kept decreasing in stroma during the disease course.

Conclusions

Our study provided a dynamic 6-TF signature throughout the course of colorectal mucosa-adenoma-carcinoma. These findings deepened the understanding of colorectal cancer pathogenesis.

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