DataSheet_1_A Bounding Box-Based Radiomics Model for Detecting Occult Peritoneal Metastasis in Advanced Gastric Cancer: A Multicenter Study.pdf
To develop a bounding box (BBOX)-based radiomics model for the preoperative diagnosis of occult peritoneal metastasis (OPM) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients.Materials and Methods
599 AGC patients from 3 centers were retrospectively enrolled and were divided into training, validation, and testing cohorts. The minimum circumscribed rectangle of the ROIs for the largest tumor area (R_BBOX), the nonoverlapping area between the tumor and R_BBOX (peritumoral area; PERI) and the smallest rectangle that could completely contain the tumor determined by a radiologist (M_BBOX) were used as inputs to extract radiomic features. Multivariate logistic regression was used to construct a radiomics model to estimate the preoperative probability of OPM in AGC patients.Results
The M_BBOX model was not significantly different from R_BBOX in the validation cohort [AUC: M_BBOX model 0.871 (95% CI, 0.814–0.940) vs. R_BBOX model 0.873 (95% CI, 0.820–0.940); p = 0.937]. M_BBOX was selected as the final radiomics model because of its extremely low annotation cost and superior OPM discrimination performance (sensitivity of 85.7% and specificity of 82.8%) over the clinical model, and this radiomics model showed comparable diagnostic efficacy in the testing cohort.Conclusions
The BBOX-based radiomics could serve as a simpler reliable and powerful tool for the preoperative diagnosis of OPM in AGC patients. And M_BBOX-based radiomics is simpler and less time consuming.