DataSheet3_Autophagy Activation by Hypoxia Regulates Angiogenesis and Apoptosis in Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein-Induced Preeclampsia.PDF
Objective: Autophagy influences a wide range of physiological and pathological processes in the human body. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of autophagy in early-onset preeclampsia (EOPE); autophagy activation by hypoxia could rescue impaired angiogenesis and apoptosis in preeclampsia, leading by ox-LDL.
Methods: Transmission electron microscopy was applied to identify autolysosomes in trophoblast cells of the placenta apical region. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, flow cytometry, and wound-healing assays were adopted to determine autophagy activity, angiogenesis, and apoptosis in placenta tissues or HTR8/SVneo cells.
Results: Autophagy activity was inhibited in the placenta of women who experienced EOPE; autophagy activation by hypoxia enhanced the migration ability, rescued ox-LDL–mediated impaired angiogenesis in HTR8/SVneo cells [vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) downregulation and FMS-like tyrosine kinase-1 (FLT1) upregulation], and protected against cell apoptosis (BAX downregulation).
Conclusion: Autophagy could maintain the function of trophoblast cells by differentially regulating the expression of VEGFA and FLT1 and protecting against cell apoptosis at the maternal–fetal interface, potentially related to prevention of preeclampsia.