DataSheet2_Temporal Control of the WNT Signaling Pathway During Cardiac Differentiation Impacts Upon the Maturation State of Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Derived Cardiomyocytes.pdf
Inefficient differentiation and insufficient maturation are barriers to the application of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) for research and therapy. Great strides have been made to the former, and multiple groups have reported cardiac differentiation protocol that can generate hPSC-CMs at high efficiency. Although many such protocols are based on the modulation of the WNT signaling pathway, they differ in their timing and in the WNT inhibitors used. Little is currently known about whether and how conditions of differentiation affect cardiac maturation. Here we adapted multiple cardiac differentiation protocols to improve cost-effectiveness and consistency, and compared the properties of the hPSC-CMs generated. Our results showed that the schedule of differentiation, but not the choice of WNT inhibitors, was a critical determinant not only of differentiation efficiency, which was expected, but also CM maturation. Among cultures with comparable purity, hPSC-CMs generated with different differentiation schedules vary in the expression of genes which are important for developmental maturation, and in their structural, metabolic, calcium transient and proliferative properties. In summary, we demonstrated that simple changes in the schedule of cardiac differentiation could promote maturation. To this end, we have optimized a cardiac differentiation protocol that can simultaneously achieve high differentiation efficiency and enhanced developmental maturation. Our findings would advance the production of hPSC-CMs for research and therapy.