DataSheet2_Pulmonary Oxygen Toxicity Through Exhaled Breath Markers After Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment Table 6.pdf (630.11 kB)
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DataSheet2_Pulmonary Oxygen Toxicity Through Exhaled Breath Markers After Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment Table 6.pdf

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posted on 2022-05-10, 05:12 authored by Feiko J. M. de Jong, Thijs T. Wingelaar, Paul Brinkman, Pieter-Jan A. M. van Ooij, Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee, Marcus W. Hollmann, Rob A. van Hulst

Introduction: The hyperbaric oxygen treatment table 6 (TT6) is widely used to manage dysbaric illnesses in divers and iatrogenic gas emboli in patients after surgery and other interventional procedures. These treatment tables can have adverse effects, such as pulmonary oxygen toxicity (POT). It is caused by reactive oxygen species’ damaging effect in lung tissue and is often experienced after multiple days of therapy. The subclinical pulmonary effects have not been determined. The primary aim of this study was to measure volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in breath, indicative of subclinical POT after a TT6. Since the exposure would be limited, the secondary aim of this study was to determine whether these VOCs decreased to baseline levels within a few hours.

Methods: Fourteen healthy, non-smoking volunteers from the Royal Netherlands Navy underwent a TT6 at the Amsterdam University Medical Center—location AMC. Breath samples for GC-MS analysis were collected before the TT6 and 30 min, 2 and 4 h after finishing. The concentrations of ions before and after exposure were compared by Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. The VOCs were identified by comparing the chromatograms with the NIST library. Compound intensities over time were tested using Friedman tests, with Wilcoxon signed-rank tests and Bonferroni corrections used for post hoc analyses.

Results: Univariate analyses identified 11 compounds. Five compounds, isoprene, decane, nonane, nonanal and dodecane, showed significant changes after the Friedman test. Isoprene demonstrated a significant increase at 30 min after exposure and a subsequent decrease at 2 h. Other compounds remained constant, but declined significantly 4 h after exposure.

Discussion and Conclusion: The identified VOCs consisted mainly of (methyl) alkanes, which may be generated by peroxidation of cell membranes. Other compounds may be linked to inflammatory processes, oxidative stress responses or cellular metabolism. The hypothesis, that exhaled VOCs would increase after hyperbaric exposure as an indicator of subclinical POT, was not fulfilled, except for isoprene. Hence, no evident signs of POT or subclinical pulmonary damage were detected after a TT6. Further studies on individuals recently exposed to pulmonary irritants, such as divers and individuals exposed to other hyperbaric treatment regimens, are needed.