DataSheet2_Extensive Variation in Gene Expression is Revealed in 13 Fertility-Related Genes Using RNA-Seq, ISO-Seq, and CAGE-Seq From Brahman Cattle.zip (30.2 MB)
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DataSheet2_Extensive Variation in Gene Expression is Revealed in 13 Fertility-Related Genes Using RNA-Seq, ISO-Seq, and CAGE-Seq From Brahman Cattle.zip

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posted on 25.03.2022, 05:25 authored by Elizabeth M. Ross, Hari Sanjana, Loan T. Nguyen, YuanYuan Cheng, Stephen S. Moore, Ben J. Hayes

Fertility is a key driver of economic profitability in cattle production. A number of studies have identified genes associated with fertility using genome wide association studies and differential gene expression analysis; however, the genes themselves are poorly characterized in cattle. Here, we selected 13 genes from the literature which have previously been shown to have strong evidence for an association with fertility in Brahman cattle (Bos taurus indicus) or closely related breeds. We examine the expression variation of the 13 genes that are associated with cattle fertility using RNA-seq, CAGE-seq, and ISO-seq data from 11 different tissue samples from an adult Brahman cow and a Brahman fetus. Tissues examined include blood, liver, lung, kidney, muscle, spleen, ovary, and uterus from the cow and liver and lung from the fetus. The analysis revealed several novel isoforms, including seven from SERPINA7. The use of three expression characterization methodologies (5′ cap selected ISO-seq, CAGE-seq, and RNA-seq) allowed the identification of isoforms that varied in their length of 5′ and 3′ untranslated regions, variation otherwise undetectable (collapsed as degraded RNA) in generic isoform identification pipelines. The combinations of different sequencing technologies allowed us to overcome the limitations of relatively low sequence depth in the ISO-seq data. The lower sequence depth of the ISO-seq data was also reflected in the lack of observed expression of some genes that were observed in the CAGE-seq and RNA-seq data from the same tissue. We identified allele specific expression that was tissue-specific in AR, IGF1, SOX9, STAT3, and TAF9B. Finally, we characterized an exon of TAF9B as partially nested within the neighboring gene phosphoglycerate kinase 1. As this study only examined two animals, even more transcriptional variation may be present in a genetically diverse population. This analysis reveals the large amount of transcriptional variation within mammalian fertility genes and illuminates the fact that the transcriptional landscape cannot be fully characterized using a single technology alone.

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