DataSheet2_Arbutin Ameliorates Murine Colitis by Inhibiting JAK2 Signaling (10.95 MB)
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DataSheet2_Arbutin Ameliorates Murine Colitis by Inhibiting JAK2 Signaling

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posted on 14.09.2021, 04:58 by Liang Wang, Yuntao Feng, Jianwen Wang, Tenglong Luo, Xinyue Wang, Mengze Wu, Runxia Wang, Dapeng Chen, Jiyan Li, Jingyu Wang

Background and objective: Abnormal activation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) promotes the pathogenesis and progress of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by stimulating the cytokine traffic. Based on docking studies, arbutin, a natural product extracted from a traditional medicinal plant bearberry, was found to bind to JAK2. The study aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of regulating JAK2 by arbutin on colitis in mice.

Methods: A mice colitis model was established to mimic human IBD. The mice freely drank water containing dextran sulfate sodium. Inflammation in epithelial (IEC6) and immune (RAW264.7) cells was analyzed following treatment with lipopolysaccharides (LPS).

Results: Colitis symptoms, including body weight loss, increased disease activity index, and increased colon weight/length ratio, were significantly alleviated by arbutin. Mediators of colonic pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as apoptosis markers in colitis were suppressed by the glycoside. High expression of phosphorylated JAK2 in colitis was significantly reversed by arbutin. The effects of arbutin treatment on colitis were considerably inhibited by the JAK2 inhibitor AG490. LPS-induced inflammatory responses were also suppressed by arbutin, which was notably inhibited by the JAK2 inhibitor AG490.

Conclusion: The findings obtained herein suggest the protective role of arbutin and provide novel insights into alternative colitis treatments, which involve inhibition of the JAK2 signaling pathway.