DataSheet1_Ultrasonic Tomography Study of Metal Defect Detection in Lithium-Ion Battery.PDF (110.88 kB)
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DataSheet1_Ultrasonic Tomography Study of Metal Defect Detection in Lithium-Ion Battery.PDF

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posted on 17.12.2021, 04:27 authored by Mengchao Yi, Fachao Jiang, Languang Lu, Sixuan Hou, Jianqiao Ren, Xuebing Han, Lili Huang

Lithium-ion batteries are widely used in electric vehicles and energy storage systems. Sudden fire accident is one of the most serious issue, which is mainly caused by unpredicted internal short circuit. Metal particle defect is a key factor in internal short circuit it will not show an obvious abnormal change in battery external characteristic just like mechanical and thermal abuse. So, a non-destructive testing of battery internal metal defect is very necessary. This study is first time to scan and analyze different types of defects inside a battery by using ultrasonic technology, and it shows the detection capability boundary of this methodology. A non-contact ultrasonic scanning system with multi-channel was built to scan the battery sample with aluminum foil, copper foil and copper powder defects. The position and shape of those defects were clearly shown by using tomography methodology. It was found that the acoustic properties difference between metal defects and battery active materials has a strong influence on detection sensitivity. Compared with aluminum foil, copper foil and copper powder are easier to be detected and change the ultrasonic signal greatly, they will produce an obvious shadowing artifacts and speed displacement phenomena in tomography images. Ultrasonic tomography technology is an effective method for non-destructive testing of lithium-ion batteries.

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