DataSheet1_Triphala Churna—A Traditional Formulation in Ayurveda Mitigates Diabetic Neuropathy in Rats.PDF (681.65 kB)

DataSheet1_Triphala Churna—A Traditional Formulation in Ayurveda Mitigates Diabetic Neuropathy in Rats.PDF

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posted on 2021-06-03, 04:47 authored by Sachin V. Suryavanshi, Kalyani Barve, Veeranjaneyulu Addepalli, Sachin V. Utpat, Yogesh A. Kulkarni

Neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes affecting a large number of people worldwide. Triphala churna is a formulation mentioned in Ayurveda-a traditional system of medicine. It is a simple powder formulation consisting of powders of three fruits, Emblica officinalis L., Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. and Terminalia chebula Retz. Individual components of Triphala churna have anti-diabetic and antioxidant activities. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of Triphala churna on diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes was induced with streptozotocin (STZ, 55 mg/kg, i. p.) in rats. Animals were grouped and treated orally with Triphala churna at a dose of 250, 500, and 1,000 mg/kg after 6 weeks of diabetes induction for the next 4 weeks. At the end of study, parameters such as body weight, plasma glucose level, motor nerve conduction velocity were determined. The effect of Triphala churna on thermal hyperalgesia, mechanical hyperalgesia, and mechanical allodynia was also determined at the end of study. The plasma cytokine levels like TGF-β1, TNF-α, and IL-1β were determined by ELISA assay. Histopathology study of the sciatic nerve was studied. Western blotting was performed to study the expression of neuronal growth factor.Treatment with Triphala churna showed a significant reduction in plasma glucose and a significant rise in body weight. Triphala treatment significantly increased the motor nerve conduction velocity and decreased the thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia, as well as mechanical allodynia. The treatment significantly inhibited levels of circulatory cytokines like TGF-β1, TNF-α, and IL-1β. Histopathology study confirmed the neuroprotective effect of Triphala churna. The expression of NGF was significantly increased in sciatic nerves after treatment with Triphala churna. From the results, it can be concluded that Triphala churna delays the progression of neuropathy in diabetic rats.