DataSheet1_Single-cell transcriptomics reveals immune infiltrate in sepsis.ZIP (636.38 kB)

DataSheet1_Single-cell transcriptomics reveals immune infiltrate in sepsis.ZIP

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posted on 2023-04-11, 04:34 authored by Xusheng Tu, He Huang, Shilei Xu, Caifei Li, Shaoning Luo

Immune cells and immune microenvironment play important in the evolution of sepsis. This study aimed to explore hub genes related to the abundance of immune cell infiltration in sepsis. The GEOquery package is used to download and organize data from the GEO database. A total of 61 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between sepsis samples and normal samples were obtained through the ‘limma’ package. T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, monocytes, megakaryocytes, dendritic cells (DCs), and B cells formed six distinct clusters on the t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) plot generated using the Seurat R package. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) enrichment analysis showed that sepsis samples and normal samples were related to Neutrophil Degranulation, Modulators of Tcr Signaling and T Cell Activation, IL 17 Pathway, T Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, Ctl Pathway, Immunoregulatory Interactions Between a Lymphoid and A Non-Lymphoid Cell. GO analysis and KEGG analysis of immune-related genes showed that the intersection genes were mainly associated with Immune-related signaling pathways. Seven hub genes (CD28, CD3D, CD2, CD4, IL7R, LCK, and CD3E) were screened using Maximal Clique Centrality, Maximum neighborhood component, and Density of Maximum Neighborhood Component algorithms. The lower expression of the six hub genes (CD28, CD3D, CD4, IL7R, LCK, and CD3E) was observed in sepsis samples. We observed the significant difference of several immune cell between sepsis samples and control samples. Finally, we carried out in vivo animal experiments, including Western blotting, flow cytometry, Elisa, and qPCR assays to detect the concentration and the expression of several immune factors.