DataSheet1_Protein Kinase C Life Cycle: Explained Through Systems Biology Approach.PDF (337.14 kB)
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DataSheet1_Protein Kinase C Life Cycle: Explained Through Systems Biology Approach.PDF

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posted on 14.04.2022, 18:15 authored by Naveed Aslam, Farah Alvi

Protein kinase C (PKC) enzymes are a family of kinases that mediate signal transduction originating at the cell surface. Most cell membranes can contain functional PKC enzymes. Aberrations in the PKC life cycle may result in cellular damage and dysfunction. For example, some cancerous cells exhibit alterations in PKC activity. Here, we use a systems biology approach to describe a molecular model of the PKC life cycle. Understanding the PKC life cycle is necessary to identify new drug targets. The PKC life cycle is composed of three key regulatory processes: maturation, activation, and termination. These processes precisely control PKC enzyme levels. This model describes the fate of PKC during de novo synthesis and PKC’s lipid-mediated activation cycle. We utilize a systems biology approach to show the PKC life cycle is controlled by multiple phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events. PKC processing events can be divided into two types: maturation via processing of newly synthesized enzyme and secondary messenger-dependent activation of dormant, but catalytically competent enzyme. Newly synthesized PKC enzyme is constitutively processed through three ordered phosphorylations and stored in the cytosol as a stable, signaling-competent inactive and autoinhibited molecule. Upon extracellular stimulation, diacylglycerol (DAG) and calcium ion (Ca2+) generated at the membrane bind PKC. PKC then undergoes cytosol-to-membrane translocation and subsequent activation. Our model shows that, once activated, PKC is prone to dephosphorylation and subsequent degradation. This model also describes the role of HSP70 in stabilization and re-phosphorylation of dephosphorylated PKC, replenishing the PKC pool. Our model shows how the PKC pool responds to different intensities of extracellular stimuli? We show that blocking PHLPP dephosphorylation replenishes the PKC pool in a dose-dependent manner. This model provides a comprehensive understanding of PKC life cycle regulation.