DataSheet1_Nanodiamond as a Cytokine Sponge in Infectious Diseases.docx (1.24 MB)
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DataSheet1_Nanodiamond as a Cytokine Sponge in Infectious Diseases.docx

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posted on 2022-04-04, 04:48 authored by Wonbeak Yoo, Wonhwa Lee, Hong Nam Kim, Jiyoung Jeong, Hee Ho Park, June Hong Ahn, Dana Jung, Juheon Lee, Ji-su Kim, Seung Whan Lee, Wan-Seob Cho, Seokho Kim

Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is a systemic inflammatory response resulting in overexpression of cytokines in serum and tissues, which leads to multiple-organ failure. Due to rapid aggravation of symptoms, timely intervention is paramount; however, current therapies are limited in their capacity to address CRS. Here, we find that the intravenous injection of highly purified detonation-synthesized nanodiamonds (DND) can act as a therapeutic agent for treating CRS by adsorbing inflammatory cytokines. Highly purified DNDs successfully inactivated various key cytokines in plasma from CRS patients with pneumonia, septic shock, and coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic (COVID-19). The intravenous injection of the DND samples in a mouse sepsis model by cecal ligation and puncture significantly improved survival rates and prevented tissue damage by reducing the circulating inflammatory cytokines. The results of this study suggest that the clinical application of highly purified DND can provide survival benefits for CRS patients by adsorbing inflammatory cytokines.