DataSheet1_Modeling a Controlled-Floating Space Robot for In-Space Services: A Beginner’s Tutorial.pdf (649.67 kB)
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DataSheet1_Modeling a Controlled-Floating Space Robot for In-Space Services: A Beginner’s Tutorial.pdf

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posted on 2021-12-24, 04:47 authored by Asma Seddaoui, Chakravarthini Mini Saaj, Manu Harikrishnan Nair

Ground-based applications of robotics and autonomous systems (RASs) are fast advancing, and there is a growing appetite for developing cost-effective RAS solutions for in situ servicing, debris removal, manufacturing, and assembly missions. An orbital space robot, that is, a spacecraft mounted with one or more robotic manipulators, is an inevitable system for a range of future in-orbit services. However, various practical challenges make controlling a space robot extremely difficult compared with its terrestrial counterpart. The state of the art of modeling the kinematics and dynamics of a space robot, operating in the free-flying and free-floating modes, has been well studied by researchers. However, these two modes of operation have various shortcomings, which can be overcome by operating the space robot in the controlled-floating mode. This tutorial article aims to address the knowledge gap in modeling complex space robots operating in the controlled-floating mode and under perturbed conditions. The novel research contribution of this article is the refined dynamic model of a chaser space robot, derived with respect to the moving target while accounting for the internal perturbations due to constantly changing the center of mass, the inertial matrix, Coriolis, and centrifugal terms of the coupled system; it also accounts for the external environmental disturbances. The nonlinear model presented accurately represents the multibody coupled dynamics of a space robot, which is pivotal for precise pose control. Simulation results presented demonstrate the accuracy of the model for closed-loop control. In addition to the theoretical contributions in mathematical modeling, this article also offers a commercially viable solution for a wide range of in-orbit missions.