DataSheet1_Liposomal Encapsulation of Polysaccharides (LEPS) as an Effective Vaccine Strategy to Protect Aged Hosts Against S. pneumoniae Infection.PDF
Despite the availability of licensed vaccines, pneumococcal disease caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), remains a serious infectious disease threat globally. Disease manifestations include pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis, resulting in over a million deaths annually. Pneumococcal disease disproportionally impacts older adults aged ≥65 years. Interventions are complicated through a combination of complex disease progression and 100 different bacterial capsular polysaccharide serotypes. This has made it challenging to develop a broad vaccine against S. pneumoniae, with current options utilizing capsular polysaccharides as the primary antigenic content. However, current vaccines are substantially less effective in protecting the elderly. We previously developed a Liposomal Encapsulation of Polysaccharides (LEPS) vaccine platform, designed around limitations of current pneumococcal vaccines, that allowed the non-covalent coupling of polysaccharide and protein antigen content and protected young hosts against pneumococcal infection in murine models. In this study, we modified the formulation to make it more economical and tested the novel LEPS vaccine in aged hosts. We found that in young mice (2–3 months), LEPS elicited comparable responses to the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine Prevnar-13. Further, LEPS immunization of old mice (18–22 months) induced comparable antibody levels and improved antibody function compared to Prevnar-13. Importantly, LEPS protected old mice against both invasive and lung localized pneumococcal infections. In summary, LEPS is an alternative and effective vaccine strategy that protects aged hosts against different manifestations of pneumococcal disease.