DataSheet1_Instabilities in a Spherical Liquid Drop.docx (878.51 kB)
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DataSheet1_Instabilities in a Spherical Liquid Drop.docx

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posted on 24.05.2022, 05:00 authored by Roger Prud'homme

We examine cases of stationary vortices that can appear inside spherical liquid drops in microgravity conditions. The first case is that of an incompressible external flow of uniform speed at infinity, leading the liquid in the drop by friction to form a Hill vortex. In the second case, the external fluid does not interact by friction with the liquid, but the drop is subjected to an axial temperature gradient causing a variation in surface tension. This time it is the induced movement which entrains the internal liquid. Note that the two situations can lead to the same Hill vortex. Combined effects are envisioned. We are also interested in the time factor in these phenomena.