DataSheet1_Identification and validation of disulfidptosis-associated molecular clusters in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.docx (2.3 MB)

DataSheet1_Identification and validation of disulfidptosis-associated molecular clusters in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.docx

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posted on 2023-09-08, 04:15 authored by Xiaoxiao Yu, Zihao Guo, Zhihao Fang, Kai Yang, Changxu Liu, Zhichao Dong, Chang Liu

Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease in the world, and its pathogenesis is not fully understood. Disulfidptosis is the most recently reported form of cell death and may be associated with NAFLD progression. Our study aimed to explore the molecular clusters associated with disulfidptosis in NAFLD and to construct a predictive model.

Methods: First, we analyzed the expression profile of the disulfidptosis regulators and immune characteristics in NAFLD. Using 104 NAFLD samples, we investigated molecular clusters based on differentially expressed disulfidptosis-related genes, along with the related immune cell infiltration. Cluster-specific differentially expressed genes were then identified by using the WGCNA method. We also evaluated the performance of four machine learning models before choosing the optimal machine model for diagnosis. Nomogram, calibration curves, decision curve analysis, and external datasets were used to confirm the prediction effectiveness. Finally, the expression levels of the biomarkers were assessed in a mouse model of a high-fat diet.

Results: Two differentially expressed DRGs were identified between healthy and NAFLD patients. We revealed the expression profile of DRGs in NAFLD and the correlation with 22 immune cells. In NAFLD, two clusters of molecules connected to disulfidptosis were defined. Significant immunological heterogeneity was shown by immune infiltration analysis among the various clusters. A significant amount of immunological infiltration was seen in Cluster 1. Functional analysis revealed that Cluster 1 differentially expressed genes were strongly linked to energy metabolism and immune control. The highest discriminatory performance was demonstrated by the SVM model, which had a higher area under the curve, relatively small residual and root mean square errors. Nomograms, calibration curves, and decision curve analyses were used to show how accurate the prediction of NAFLD was. Further analysis revealed that the expression of three model-related genes was significantly associated with the level of multiple immune cells. In animal experiments, the expression trends of DDO, FRK and TMEM19 were consistent with the results of bioinformatics analysis.

Conclusion: This study systematically elucidated the complex relationship between disulfidptosis and NAFLD and developed a promising predictive model to assess the risk of disease in patients with disulfidptosis subtypes and NAFLD.